7 common illnesses the summer heat could cause and how to prevent them

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In this article, we discuss the 7 most common illnesses you might be prone to during the summer. Their causes and how to completely prevent them.


Hot summer weather can cause headaches from dehydration and excessive heat

Summers can be very hot and uncomfortable to deal with. Additionally, hot weather can make you vulnerable to various other diseases and infections. The human body is often dehydrated and has a weakened immune system in the summer. Moreover, hot weather also increases the presence of various infectious organisms.

In this article, we discuss the most common illnesses you might be prone to this summer and how to avoid developing them.

Food poisoning

Food poisoning is most common in the summer. Food poisoning occurs when we eat spoiled, contaminated or unhealthy food. Hot summer weather accelerates the process of food soiling. This could make us prone to consuming contaminated food without even realizing it. The best solution is to only consume food from safe and reliable sources. Also, be sure to refrigerate foods and don’t keep them out for long periods of time.

Hyperthermia

Hyperthermia in simple terms occurs when the body temperature is much higher than it should be. It happens when you stay in the sun too long. Hyperthermia can cause other summer-related illnesses such as heatstroke, heat exhaustion, etc. The best way to treat hyperthermia is to stay indoors more, hydrate regularly, drink electrolyte drinks, wear thin clothing, take showers whenever needed, etc.

Skin diseases

Various skin conditions can be caused, triggered or worsened by hot summer weather. Skin-related diseases such as lupus, multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, etc. may have inflammatory symptoms in the summer. To avoid aggravating or causing skin diseases, take regular showers, apply conditions, and stay hydrated. Also talk to a doctor about your symptoms if needed.

Headache

Headaches are very common in the summer. Headaches can be due to the heat of the sun and the weather or dehydration. Staying in the sun or even outdoors in hot weather can cause you to sweat a lot. It could dehydrate you and lack energy. Be sure to consume enough water and eat regularly or consume electrolyte drinks (ORS) if needed.

Hay fever

Hay fever is an infection caused by an allergy that is common in the summer. You can get hay fever if your body is unable to fight off the infection. The most common symptoms of hay fever are fever, lethargy, coughing, watery eyes, stuffy nose and sneezing. This can be avoided by keeping your environment clean, maintaining a healthy immune system, and wearing a face mask if necessary.

heat buttons

Hot weather can cause rashes or redness on the skin due to the clothes we wear or by friction. This happens more often if you sweat or/and walk for long hours. The best solution is to avoid long hours outdoors. If this is unavoidable, you can use anti-rash and anti-irritation ointments or creams to prevent and treat them.

Waterborne diseases

Similar to food poisoning, other common summer illnesses are waterborne illnesses. Hot weather gives rise to various organisms known to attack the human body. As the name suggests, these diseases can be contracted due to drinking contaminated water or due to dirty bodies of water in your environment. Some of the most common waterborne diseases are typhoid, jaundice, etc.

In conclusion, keeping good hygiene and staying indoors can help you avoid various illnesses that you may be prone to in the summer. In addition, eating well and maintaining a good diet is the best way to maintain a healthy and strong immune system.

Disclaimer: This content, including advice, provides generic information only. It does not in any way replace qualified medical advice. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim any responsibility for this information.



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